<preprocess include=FILE name="H:\LUDWIG\cdschoud\uk\include\inc001.txt"> J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2002 Jan-Feb;11(1):72-9

Glenoid osteophyte and rotator cuff tears: an anatomic study.

Konno N, Itoi E, Kido T, Sano A, Urayama M, Sato K.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University School of Medicine, Hondo 1-1-1, Akita 010-8543, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to determine the morphologic characteristics of the glenoid osteophyte and its relationship to rotator cuff tears. Eighty-six cadaveric shoulders were studied. After inspection of cuff pathology, the glenoid was examined with soft x-rays. Histologically, degenerative changes of the articular cartilage and the labrum were assessed. There were 30 shoulders with rotator cuff tears (35%). Two types of glenoid osteophyte were identified: angular and hooked. Both osteophytes were commonly observed in the anterior to inferior portions of the glenoid. The length of hooked osteophytes was significantly greater in shoulders with full-thickness tears (2.7 +/- 2.2 mm [mean plus minus SD]) than in those with other cuff conditions (P =.0058). The hooked osteophyte was more commonly observed in shoulders with full-thickness tears (43%) and associated with degenerative changes of the cartilage and labrum. We conclude that the hooked osteophyte of the glenoid is characteristic in shoulders with full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff.