<preprocess include=FILE name="H:\LUDWIG\cdschoud\uk\include\inc001.txt"> Ann Anat 2002 Jan;184(1):9-14

Macroscopical anatomy of the so-called "rotator interval". A cadaver study on 19 shoulder joints.

Kolts I, Busch LC, Tomusk H, Raudheiding A, Eller A, Merila M, Russlies M, Paasuke M, Leibecke T, Kuhnel W.

University of Tartu, Institute of Anatomy, Estonia. ikolts@ut.ee

The triangular capsular space between the insertion tendons of the Mm. supraspinatus and subscapularis--the "rotator interval", can be divided into lateral, medio-superior and medio-inferior parts. The lateral part of the capsule is strengthened by the "Lig. semicirculare humeri" and the anterior fibres of the M. supraspinatus tendon. The Ligg. coracohumerale and "coracoglenoidale" are the macroscopical elements of the medio-superior part. The medio-inferior part of the "rotator interval" is reinforced by the Ligg. glenohumeralia superius et medium. The key ligament of the "rotator interval" is the "Lig. semicirculare humeri". Laterally it ensures the insertion of the anterior fibres of the M. supraspinatus tendon above the Lig. transversum humeri and on the Tubercula majus et minus. Medially it is the place of attachment of the Lig. coracohumerale and oblique fibres of the Lig. glenohumerale superius. The "rotator interval" is not a weak capsular region but a complex network of macroscopically recognizable tendinous and ligamentous structures.